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      Scope downgrades Class A and Class B notes issued by BCC NPLs 2018-2
      TUESDAY, 21/02/2023 - Scope Ratings GmbH
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      Scope downgrades Class A and Class B notes issued by BCC NPLs 2018-2

      Scope Ratings GmbH (Scope) downgrades the class A and class B notes issued by BCC NPLs 2018-2 S.r.l., a static cash securitisation of Italian non-performing loan receivables, following a performance review.

      Rating action

      Scope has completed a monitoring review of the following notes issued by BCC NPLs 2018-2 S.r.l.:

      Class A (ISIN IT0005356925): EUR 369.9m: downgraded to B+SF from BBSF

      Class B (ISIN IT0005356933): EUR 60.1m: downgraded to CCSF from B-SF

      Class J (ISIN IT0005356941): EUR 20.0m: not rated


      Scope’s review was based on servicer, investor and payment reporting as of July 2022 payment date.

      Transaction overview

      BCC NPLs 2018-2 S.r.l. is a static cash securitisation of secured and unsecured NPLs, accounting for 58.4% and 41.6% in terms of original gross book value (“GBV”). The loans were mostly extended to companies (79.1%). The portfolio is serviced by doValue S.p.A.. The transaction closed on 20 December 2018 and the legal maturity is July 2042.

      Rating rationale

      The ratings are driven by the transaction’s actual and expected performance as reflected in Scope’s modelling assumptions. Scope has updated its recovery estimates assumptions considering the transaction-specific performance, developments in macroeconomic fundamentals, and peer transaction benchmarks.

      The ratings consider the issuer’s exposure to key counterparties.

      Key rating drivers are aligned with those disclosed in previous rating action release dated April 15, 2022:

      Key rating drivers

      Senior notes’ liquidity protection (positive)1. A cash reserve protects the liquidity of senior noteholders, covering senior fees and interest on class A notes. As of July 2022, it stands at EUR 11.7m (around 3.1% of class A notes’ principal amount after the July 2022 payment date.

      Slower than expected cumulative collections (negative)1. Aggregate gross and net collections amount to EUR 223.2m and EUR 206.9m respectively. Total gross collections are split between judicial proceeds (51.2%), discounted payoff (‘DPO’) proceeds (20.2%), credit sale proceeds (19.9%) and other types of collections (8.7%). Aggregate net collections are below Scope’s expectation at B case rating. Based on the servicer business plan, aggregate net collections are 80.9% of original expectations. Servicer’s pace of closing borrowers is slower than the average of peer transactions.

      Low profitability of secured closed positions (negative)1. Gross collections from closed borrowers represent 18.1% of cumulative collections. They are split between DPO proceeds (52.1%), credit sale proceeds (39.5%), judicial proceeds (7.1%), other types of collections (1.3%). With reference to secured borrowers only, based on Scope’s analysis, closed debtors account for around 5.1% of the transaction’s initial gross book value. The profitability on these debtors, at 71%%, is below Scope’s expectations under the B case scenario.

      Slowdown of the Italian economy (negative)2. The adverse impact of tightening financing conditions and persistent inflationary pressures could slow down the Italian economy. This could lead to a deterioration of the liquidity conditions and negatively affect the collection volumes.

      Rating-change drivers

      Positive. Improving performance on closed borrowers’ profitability could positively impact the ratings.

      Negative. The timing of collections a shows a negative trend. A continuous downward trend in the pace of collections could negatively affect the rating.

      Quantitative analysis and assumptions

      Scope analysed cash flows reflecting the transaction’s structural features to calculate each tranche’s expected loss and weighted average life. Scope analysed the assets to produce a rating-conditional cash flow projection of gross recoveries for the portfolio of defaulted loans.

      Scope has updated its modelling assumptions to reflect the current performance of the transaction. At the B case, Scope assumed a lifetime gross recovery rate of 37.8% over a weighted average life of 5.8 years. By portfolio segment, Scope assumed a lifetime gross recovery rate of 53.9% and 16.9% for the secured and unsecured portfolios, respectively.

      Sensitivity analysis

      Scope tested the resilience of the ratings to deviations in expected recovery rates and recovery timing. This analysis has the sole purpose of illustrating the sensitivity of the rating to input assumptions and is not indicative of expected or likely scenarios.

      The following shows how the results for class A notes would change compared to the assigned rating in the event of:

      • 10% haircut to recoveries, minus three notches;
         
      • a one-year recovery lag increase, minus one notch.

      The following shows how the results for class B notes change compared to the assigned rating in the event of:

      • 10% haircut to recoveries, minus three notches;
         
      • a one-year recovery lag increase, minus three notches;

      Rating driver references
      1. Transaction documents and reporting (Confidential)
      2. Scope research Republic of Italy – Rating Report (20 January 2023)

      Stress testing
      Stress testing was performed by applying Credit-Rating-adjusted recovery rate assumptions.

      Cash flow analysis
      Scope Ratings performed a cash flow analysis of the transaction with the use of Scope Ratings’ Cash Flow SF EL Model Version 1.1 incorporating the relevant asset assumptions, taking into account the transaction’s main structural features, such as the notes’ priorities of payment, the notes’ size and coupons. The outcome of the analysis is an expected loss and an expected weighted average life for the notes.

      Methodology
      The methodologies used for these Credit Ratings, (Non-Performing Loan ABS Rating Methodology, 5 August 2022; Methodology for Counterparty Risk in Structured Finance, 14 July 2022; General Structured Finance Rating Methodology, 25 January 2023), are available on https://www.scoperatings.com/ratings-and-research/structured-finance/methodologies.
      The model used for these Credit Ratings is (Cash Flow SF EL Model Version 1.1), available in Scope Ratings’ list of models, published under https://www.scoperatings.com/ratings-and-research/structured-finance/methodologies.
      Information on the meaning of each Credit Rating category, including definitions of default, recoveries, Outlooks and Under Review, can be viewed in ‘Rating Definitions – Credit Ratings, Ancillary and Other Services’, published on https://www.scoperatings.com/#!governance-and-policies/rating-scale. Historical default rates of the entities rated by Scope Ratings can be viewed in the Credit Rating performance report at https://www.scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/regulatory/eu-regulation. Also refer to the central platform (CEREP) of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA): http://cerep.esma.europa.eu/cerep-web/statistics/defaults.xhtml. A comprehensive clarification of Scope Ratings’ definitions of default and Credit Rating notations can be found at https://www.scoperatings.com/#governance-and-policies/rating-scale. Guidance and information on how environmental, social or governance factors (ESG factors) are incorporated into the Credit Rating can be found in the respective sections of the methodologies or guidance documents provided on https://www.scoperatings.com/ratings-and-research/structured-finance/methodologies.

      Solicitation, key sources and quality of information
      The Rated Entity and/or its Related Third Parties participated in the Credit Rating process.
      The following substantially material sources of information were used to prepare the Credit Ratings: public domain, the Rated Entity, the Rated Entities’ Related Third Parties, third parties and Scope Ratings’ internal sources.
      Scope Ratings considers the quality of information available to Scope Ratings on the Rated Entity or instrument to be satisfactory. The information and data supporting these Credit Ratings originate from sources Scope Ratings considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope Ratings does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data.
      Scope Ratings has received a third-party asset due diligence assessment/asset audit. The external due diligence assessment/asset audit was considered when preparing the Credit Ratings and it has no impact on the Credit Ratings.
      Prior to the issuance of the Credit Rating action, the Rated Entity was given the opportunity to review the Credit Ratings and the principal grounds on which the Credit Ratings are based. Following that review, the Credit Ratings were not amended before being issued.

      Regulatory disclosures
      These Credit Ratings are issued by Scope Ratings GmbH, Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin, Tel +49 30 27891-0. The Credit Ratings are UK-endorsed.
      Lead analyst: Vittorio Maniscalco, Specialist
      Person responsible for approval of the Credit Ratings: Antonio Casado, Executive Director
      The Credit Rating was first released by Scope Ratings on 20 December 2018. The Credit Ratings were last updated on 15 April 2022.

      Potential conflicts
      See www.scoperatings.com under Governance & Policies/EU Regulation/Disclosures for a list of potential conflicts of interest related to the issuance of Credit Ratings.

      Conditions of use / exclusion of liability
      © 2023 Scope SE & Co. KGaA and all its subsidiaries including Scope Ratings GmbH, Scope Ratings UK Limited, Scope Fund Analysis GmbH, Scope Investor Services GmbH, and Scope ESG Analysis GmbH (collectively, Scope). All rights reserved. The information and data supporting Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions and related research and credit opinions originate from sources Scope considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data. Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, or related research and credit opinions are provided ‘as is’ without any representation or warranty of any kind. In no circumstance shall Scope or its directors, officers, employees and other representatives be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, incidental or other damages, expenses of any kind, or losses arising from any use of Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, related research or credit opinions. Ratings and other related credit opinions issued by Scope are, and have to be viewed by any party as, opinions on relative credit risk and not a statement of fact or recommendation to purchase, hold or sell securities. Past performance does not necessarily predict future results. Any report issued by Scope is not a prospectus or similar document related to a debt security or issuing entity. Scope issues credit ratings and related research and opinions with the understanding and expectation that parties using them will assess independently the suitability of each security for investment or transaction purposes. Scope’s credit ratings address relative credit risk, they do not address other risks such as market, liquidity, legal, or volatility. The information and data included herein is protected by copyright and other laws. To reproduce, transmit, transfer, disseminate, translate, resell, or store for subsequent use for any such purpose the information and data contained herein, contact Scope Ratings GmbH at Lennéstraße 5 D-10785 Berlin.

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