Scope has completed a monitoring review on the Republic of Italy
      FRIDAY, 09/02/2024 - Scope Ratings GmbH
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      Scope has completed a monitoring review on the Republic of Italy

      The periodic review has resulted in no rating action.

      Scope Ratings GmbH (Scope) monitors and reviews its credit ratings on an ongoing basis and at least annually, or at minimum each six months in the cases of sovereign, sub-sovereign and supranational organisation issuers.

      Scope performs monitoring reviews to determine whether material changes and/or changes in macroeconomic or financial-market conditions could have an impact on the credit ratings. Scope considers all available and relevant information when undertaking the monitoring review.

      Monitoring reviews are conducted by performing a peer comparison, benchmarking against the rating-change drivers, and/or reviewing the credit’s performance over time, as deemed appropriate by the Lead Analyst or Analytical Team Head, in addition to an assessment of all aspects of the relevant methodology/ies, including key ratings assumptions and model(s). Scope publicly announces the completion of each monitoring review on its website.

      Scope completed the monitoring review of the Republic of Italy (BBB+/Stable; S-2/Stable) on 5 February 2024.

      This monitoring note does not constitute a credit rating action, nor does it indicate the likelihood that Scope will conduct a credit rating action in the short term. Information about the latest credit rating action connected with this monitoring note along with the associated ratings history can be found on

      Key rating factors

      For the updated Rating Report accompanying this review, click here.

      Italy’s BBB+/Stable rating benefits from i) supportive European monetary and fiscal policy frameworks under the EU and euro area institutional architecture; ii) the Italian economy’s size (GDP of around EUR 2trn) and diversification, which, together with a high per-capita income of around EUR 34,000, strong external sector, moderate non-financial private sector debt and financial system buffers, supports economic resilience; iii) a favourable public debt structure and an average debt maturity of around seven years, which mitigates the impact of rising financing costs, and iv) the country’s recent political stability given a wide parliamentary majority and the next general elections scheduled for 2027.

      Rating challenges include i) weak public finances, given high government debt of around 141% of GDP and elevated annual funding needs, including bills, of around 25% of GDP, expected to persist into the medium term; ii) structural challenges, which constrain medium-term growth by limiting productivity and labour force participation; and iii) weak demographics, with an ageing and declining working population that will continue weighing on government finances and growth.

      Scope expects economic growth of 0.6% this year, after 0.7% in 2023, and 1.2% in 2025 before converging towards around 1% over 2026-28. This trajectory assumes the absence of an additional shock, interest rates having reached their peak, and a continued implementation of the NGEU recovery plan, following the recent approval by the Council of the European Union of Italy’s modified plan.

      Following the 2023 NADEF and 2024 Budget, Scope expects the budget deficit to decline this year to 4.6% of GDP from 5.2% in 2023 and to decline to around 3% by 2027-28. The primary balance should gradually improve and turn into a 0.25% of GDP surplus in 2025 rising steadily to around 1.5% by 2028. However, the rising interest burden, which Scope expects to exceed 4% of GDP, will keep the headline deficit close or above 3% of GDP over the medium term. On this basis, Scope expects the debt-to-GDP ratio to remain broadly stable over coming years. Given the elevated, albeit declining fiscal deficits, the revised EU fiscal rules may therefore identify Italy as one of several EU member states facing an excessive deficit procedure in coming years.

      Finally, Scope notes that the government’s plan to reform the constitution to strengthen the role of the Prime Minister to be elected directly by the people rather than being nominated by the president, could raise tensions within the current coalition government and/or lead to a referendum with an uncertain outcome. This may challenge Italy’s recent political stability observed since the September 2022 elections.

      The Stable Outlook reflects Scope’s opinion that risks to the credit ratings over the next 12 to 18 months are broadly balanced.

      The ratings/Outlooks could be upgraded if there is, individually or collectively: i) a firm downward trajectory in the debt-to-GDP ratio; and/or ii) improved medium-term economic growth resulting from an effective implementation of public investments and structural reforms in line with the national recovery plan.

      Conversely, the ratings/Outlooks could be downgraded if, individually or collectively: i) support from European institutions weakened, increasing refinancing risk on Italy’s high public debt stock; ii) the medium-term growth outlook weakened due to delays in public investment and/or reforms under the country’s recovery and resilience programme; and/or iii) the fiscal outlook deteriorated, resulting in a significantly slower fiscal consolidation, or rising debt-to-GDP ratio.

      The methodology applicable for the reviewed ratings and rating Outlooks (Sovereign Rating Methodology, 29 January 2024) is available on
      This monitoring note is issued by Scope Ratings GmbH, Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin, Tel +49 30 27891-0.
      Lead analyst Eiko Sievert, Director

      © 2024 Scope SE & Co. KGaA and all its subsidiaries including Scope Ratings GmbH, Scope Ratings UK Limited, Scope Fund Analysis GmbH, and Scope ESG Analysis GmbH (collectively, Scope). All rights reserved. The information and data supporting Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions and related research and credit opinions originate from sources Scope considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data. Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, or related research and credit opinions are provided ‘as is’ without any representation or warranty of any kind. In no circumstance shall Scope or its directors, officers, employees and other representatives be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, incidental or other damages, expenses of any kind, or losses arising from any use of Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, related research or credit opinions. Ratings and other related credit opinions issued by Scope are, and have to be viewed by any party as, opinions on relative credit risk and not a statement of fact or recommendation to purchase, hold or sell securities. Past performance does not necessarily predict future results. Any report issued by Scope is not a prospectus or similar document related to a debt security or issuing entity. Scope issues credit ratings and related research and opinions with the understanding and expectation that parties using them will assess independently the suitability of each security for investment or transaction purposes. Scope’s credit ratings address relative credit risk, they do not address other risks such as market, liquidity, legal, or volatility. The information and data included herein is protected by copyright and other laws. To reproduce, transmit, transfer, disseminate, translate, resell, or store for subsequent use for any such purpose the information and data contained herein, contact Scope Ratings GmbH at Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin.

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