Announcements

    Drinks

      WEDNESDAY, 19/06/2024 - Scope Ratings GmbH
      Download PDF

      Scope upgrades class B issued by FT RMBS Prado VII – Spanish RMBS

      The rating actions follow Scope’s periodic review.

      Rating action

      Scope Ratings GmbH (Scope) has performed the following rating actions:

      • Class A (ISIN ES0305508006), EUR 269,906,405 outstanding: affirmed at AAASF
         
      • Class B (ISIN ES0305508014), EUR 38,600,000 outstanding: upgraded to ASF from A-SF
         
      • Class C (ISIN ES0305508022), EUR 33,500,000 outstanding: not rated

      Transaction overview

      The transaction is a Spanish consumer RMBS securitisation issued in November 2020. A detailed description of the transaction’s features and analytical assumptions at closing can be found in the rating report available at Scope’s website.

      As of the reporting cut-off date on 8 March 2024, the underlying portfolio of assets has an expected remaining weighted average life (assuming zero defaults and prepayments) of around 12.4 years and the pool factor stands at 0.6. Credit enhancement has evolved: with regards to the rated class A and B notes, it has increased to respectively 23.1% and 11.8% from 16.0% and 8.5% at closing.

      The amortising reserve fund is at 100% of its target level, equivalent to 2% of the outstanding portfolio balance.

      On the latest interest payment date, rated class A and B notes excess spread equalled around 2.3% (measured as the realised portfolio yield minus the weighted average cost of the rated notes minus senior expenses, annualised).

      The issuer remains primarily exposed to the following counterparties: Unión de Créditos Inmobiliarios, S.A., Establecimiento Financiero de Crédito as originator and servicer, Banco Santander, S.A. as issuer account bank and interest rate hedge counterparty and BNP Paribas Securities Services Sucursal en Espana as paying agent account bank.

      Rating rationale

      The review addressed i) the observed performance of the collateral as of the review cut-off date; ii) Scope’s forward-looking performance assumptions in the context of the expected macro-economic environment over the transaction’s remaining life; iii) the transaction’s updated asset and liability structure; and iv) the issuer’s exposure to key transaction parties.

      Key rating drivers

      The key rating drivers remain aligned with those disclosed on our initial rating action release dated 12 November 2020. One key driver (Simple structure) is considered an ESG factor.

      Beyond the key rating drivers, other relevant rating factors which we considered during the annual review were the following:

      Observed collateral performance1. Overall, the portfolio has performed in line with Scope’s expectations at closing. The following key metrics as of the reporting cut-off date reflect the good overall portfolio performance: the cumulative default rate at 6bps and the 90 days-past-due dynamic delinquency rate at 16bps. Realised cumulative defaults since closing have been fully provisioned for with available excess spread.

      Expected collateral performance1,3. Scope estimated the portfolio’s remaining lifetime default rates through an inverse Gaussian distribution. The mean parameter of the distribution was adjusted to 6.1% from 7.0% at closing date, which addresses the expected impact of portfolio amortisation against the backdrop of positive borrower performance to date. Scope has also adjusted the coefficient of variation parameter distribution to 96.1% from 85.0% at closing to account for the lower mean base. Other asset assumptions, including on the recovery and prepayment rates, remain unchanged.

      Notes amortisation1,2. The updated capital structure is positive for the rated class A and B notes. The realised deleveraging of the capital structure reflects the sequential notes’ amortisation in accordance with the transaction waterfall.

      Key rating-change drivers

      All else equal, the following factors may constitute upside or downside rating drivers:

      • A material deviation of observed transaction performance from Scope’s current performance assumptions, or
         
      • A material change in Scope’s forward-looking macro-economic outlook.

      All else equal, the following factors may constitute upside rating drivers:

      • Continued deleveraging of the capital structure and a reduction of the transaction’s risk horizon.

      All else equal, the following factors may constitute downside rating drivers:

      • A rating downgrade of a key counterparty beyond a level compliant with Scope’s Counterparty Risk Methodology, or
         
      • A depletion of the reserve fund beyond a level commensurate with the then-current rating of the notes in accordance with Scope’s General Structured Finance Methodology.

      Quantitative analysis and assumptions

      Scope used a proprietary cash flow model to calculate the expected loss and expected weighted average life of each rated tranche, considering the transaction’s assets and liability structure. Asset cash flows are projected based on the securitised portfolio amortisation schedule and on committee-determined performance assumptions, which reflect the characteristics and quality of the portfolio. The model replicates the transaction’s key structural features, including the capital structure, the order of priority of the issuer’s liabilities, and enhancement features such as excess spread and cash reserves.

      The key analytical assumptions include the following: an inverse-Gaussian distribution of portfolio remaining lifetime defaults, with a mean of 6.1% and a coefficient of variation of 96.1%; rating-conditional recovery rates ranging from 75.0% under a B scenario to 45.0% under a AAA scenario; high and low constant prepayment rate scenarios of 5.0% and 0.0%, respectively; stressed senior fees of 0.5%, and a portfolio yield compression and basis risk stress of 0.2% and 0.3%, respectively.

      Sensitivity analysis

      Scope tested the resilience of the credit rating against deviations in the main input parameters: the portfolio mean default rate and the portfolio recovery rate. This analysis has the sole purpose of illustrating the sensitivity of the rating to input assumptions and is not indicative of expected or likely scenarios.

      • A 50% increase in the mean default rate assumption has a two-notch quantitative impact on the class A notes and a one-notch quantitative impact on the class B notes.
         
      • A 50% decrease in Scope’s rating-conditional recovery rate assumptions has a one-notch quantitative impact on the class A notes and a zero-notch quantitative impact on the class B notes.

      Rating driver references
      1. Investor reports
      2. Transaction documentation
      3. Scope affirms Spain’s credit ratings at A-, revises the Outlook to Positive

      Stress testing
      Stress testing was performed by applying Credit-Rating-adjusted recovery rate assumptions.

      Cash flow analysis
      Scope Ratings performed a cash flow analysis of the transaction with the use of Scope Rating’s Cash Flow Model Version 2.0, incorporating default and recovery rate assumptions over the portfolio’s amortisation period, taking into account the transaction’s main structural features, such as the notes’ priorities of payment, the notes’ size and coupons. The outcome of the analysis is an expected loss and an expected weighted average life for the notes.

      Methodology
      The methodologies used for these Credit Ratings, (General Structured Finance Rating Methodology, 6 March 2024; Counterparty Risk Methodology, 13 July 2023), are available on https://scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/rating-governance/methodologies.
      The model used for these Credit Ratings is (Scope Cash Flow Model Version 2.0), available in Scope Ratings’ list of models, published under https://scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/rating-governance/methodologies.
      Information on the meaning of each Credit Rating category, including definitions of default, recoveries, Outlooks and Under Review, can be viewed in ‘Rating Definitions – Credit Ratings, Ancillary and Other Services’, published on https://www.scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/rating-governance/definitions-and-scales. Historical default rates of the entities rated by Scope Ratings can be viewed in the Credit Rating performance report at https://scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/regulatory/eu-regulation. Also refer to the central platform (CEREP) of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA): http://cerep.esma.europa.eu/cerep-web/statistics/defaults.xhtml. A comprehensive clarification of Scope Ratings’ definitions of default and Credit Rating notations can be found at https://www.scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/rating-governance/definitions-and-scales. Guidance and information on how environmental, social or governance factors (ESG factors) are incorporated into the Credit Rating can be found in the respective sections of the methodologies or guidance documents provided on https://scoperatings.com/governance-and-policies/rating-governance/methodologies.

      Solicitation, key sources and quality of information
      The Rated Entity and/or its Related Third Parties participated in the Credit Rating process.
      The following substantially material sources of information were used to prepare the Credit Ratings: public domain, the Rated Entity, the Rated Entities’ Related Third Parties, third parties and Scope Ratings’ internal sources.
      Scope Ratings considers the quality of information available to Scope Ratings on the Rated Entity or instrument to be satisfactory. The information and data supporting these Credit Ratings originate from sources Scope Ratings considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope Ratings does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data.
      Scope Ratings has received a third-party asset due diligence assessment/asset audit at closing. The external due diligence assessment/asset audit was considered when preparing the Credit Ratings and it has no impact on the Credit Ratings.
      Prior to the issuance of the Credit Rating action, the Rated Entity was given the opportunity to review the Credit Ratings and the principal grounds on which the Credit Ratings are based. Following that review, the Credit Ratings were not amended before being issued.

      Regulatory disclosures
      These Credit Ratings are issued by Scope Ratings GmbH, Lennéstraße 5, D-10785 Berlin, Tel +49 30 27891-0. The Credit Ratings are UK-endorsed.
      Lead analyst: Miguel Barata, Director
      Person responsible for approval of the Credit Ratings: Antonio Casado, Managing Director
      The final Credit Ratings were first released by Scope Ratings on 12 November 2020. The Credit Ratings were last updated on 4 November 2021.

      Potential conflicts
      See www.scoperatings.com under Governance & Policies/Regulatory for a list of potential conflicts of interest disclosures related to the issuance of Credit Ratings, as well as a list of Ancillary Services and certain non-Credit Rating Agency services provided to Rated Entities and/or Related Third Parties.

      Conditions of use / exclusion of liability
      © 2024 Scope SE & Co. KGaA and all its subsidiaries including Scope Ratings GmbH, Scope Ratings UK Limited, Scope Fund Analysis GmbH, and Scope ESG Analysis GmbH (collectively, Scope). All rights reserved. The information and data supporting Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions and related research and credit opinions originate from sources Scope considers to be reliable and accurate. Scope does not, however, independently verify the reliability and accuracy of the information and data. Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, or related research and credit opinions are provided ‘as is’ without any representation or warranty of any kind. In no circumstance shall Scope or its directors, officers, employees and other representatives be liable to any party for any direct, indirect, incidental or other damages, expenses of any kind, or losses arising from any use of Scope’s ratings, rating reports, rating opinions, related research or credit opinions. Ratings and other related credit opinions issued by Scope are, and have to be viewed by any party as, opinions on relative credit risk and not a statement of fact or recommendation to purchase, hold or sell securities. Past performance does not necessarily predict future results. Any report issued by Scope is not a prospectus or similar document related to a debt security or issuing entity. Scope issues credit ratings and related research and opinions with the understanding and expectation that parties using them will assess independently the suitability of each security for investment or transaction purposes. Scope’s credit ratings address relative credit risk, they do not address other risks such as market, liquidity, legal, or volatility. The information and data included herein is protected by copyright and other laws. To reproduce, transmit, transfer, disseminate, translate, resell, or store for subsequent use for any such purpose the information and data contained herein, contact Scope Ratings GmbH at Lennéstraße 5 D-10785 Berlin.

      Related news

      Show all
      Covered Bond Quarterly: Steady sailing over the summer with few clouds on the horizon

      18/7/2024 Research

      Covered Bond Quarterly: Steady sailing over the summer with ...

      Scope Ratings publishes new RMBS Rating Methodology following call for comments

      17/7/2024 Research

      Scope Ratings publishes new RMBS Rating Methodology following ...

      Scope has completed the monitoring review for the Series 2022-308 notes issued by SPIRE SA

      17/7/2024 Monitoring note

      Scope has completed the monitoring review for the Series ...

      Scope has completed the monitoring review for Buonconsiglio 3 S.r.l. - Italian NPL ABS

      15/7/2024 Monitoring note

      Scope has completed the monitoring review for Buonconsiglio 3 ...

      New property value definitions in CRR3 to have notable impact on some mortgage covered bonds

      15/7/2024 Research

      New property value definitions in CRR3 to have notable impact ...

      No rating impact on Red Sea SPV S.r.l. after ReoCo structure implemented - Italian NPL ABS

      11/7/2024 Monitoring note

      No rating impact on Red Sea SPV S.r.l. after ReoCo structure ...